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Home  |  World Mythologies  |  South American Mythology

South American Mythology

South American Mythology refers broadly to the ancient cultures, folklore and Gods of the indigenous people of  Southern Mexico, Central America and South America. There are numerous individual mythologies that are classified under the term South American Mythology. Almost every ancient civilization had their own version of the sane mythology with different names for their Gods.

Once of the main reasons why the various subsets of South American Mythology is still relatively unknown is the complete destruction of their history. This can be attributed to the fact that most of the ancient civilizations met with an abrupt unexplained end without any written records.. It was almost as if all of them were just erased overnight. The surviving civilizations were destroyed and and annihilated by the Spanish conquistadors who were on a mission to take over the continent.

Some of the major mythologies that are part of South American Mythology are the Aztecs (Mexico), Mayan (Mexico and Central America), Olmec (Southern Mexico), Purepecha (Central America), Chilote (Southern Chile), Guarani (Paraguay, Brazil and Bolivia), Inca (Andes Region), Mapuche (Chile), Nazca (Chile & Peru) and Muisca (Colombia).

The mythology revolves around the creation myth, Gods who came down from the skies to impart knowledge to the people and the structures they built. All mythologies in the region also emphasise the fact that the Gods left the earth and promised to return. The South American Mythologies also had a heavy influence of astronomy.

Your emperor may be a great prince; I do not doubt it, seeing that he has sent his subjects so far across the waters; and I am willing to treat him as a brother.
As for your pope of whom you speak, he must be mad to speak of giving away countries that do not belong to him.
As for my faith, I will not change it.
Your own God, as you tell me, was put to death by the very men He created. But my God still looks down on His children.

Atahualpa, Inca Chief

South American Mythologies

Huitzilopochtli-Aztec-Mythology

Aztec

Mythlok-Inca-Mythology

Inca

colossal-heads-Olmec-Mythology

Olmec

God-K'awiil-Maya-Mythology

Mayan

Disclaimer: While it is the intention of Mythlok and its editors to keep all the information about various characters as mythologically accurate as possible, this site should not be considered mythical, legendary or folkloric doctrine in any way. We welcome you using this website for any research, journal or study but citing this website for any academic work would be at your own personal risk.
Disclaimer: While it is the intention of Mythlok and its editors to keep all the information about various characters as mythologically accurate as possible, this site should not be considered mythical, legendary or folkloric doctrine in any way. We welcome you using this website for any research, journal or study but citing this website for any academic work would be at your own personal risk.
Disclaimer: While it is the intention of Mythlok and its editors to keep all the information about various characters as mythologically accurate as possible, this site should not be considered mythical, legendary or folkloric doctrine in any way. We welcome you using this website for any research, journal or study but citing this website for any academic work would be at your own personal risk.