Mediterranean mythology predominantly refers to the mythologies from ancient Greece and Rome. These mythologies are almost exactly similar in nature and tend to just have different names for the same characters and same storylines. The Roman mythology came about much later than the Greek versions and the names of their gods have been adopted for the planets in our solar systems as well. they are among the best documented mythologies in the world, mainly because they are the most recent ones and that they are extensively studies in universities around the world.
The ancient Greeks had a wide variety of deities and heroes, and they inhabited a realm that stretched far beyond the Greek’s borders to the palaces of the gods on snow-capped Mount Olympus, as well as to the dismal underworld. This realm became so significant that it became part of European culture. Despite their powers, the Greek gods and goddess were still people. Their actions were rooted in recognizable passions, such as envy and pride. They often interacted with people of varying degrees of complexity and often used tricks and disguises to gain their favour.
Roman mythology is the realm of myth that originated from ancient Rome. It is often represented in the works of the Roman poets and in the visual arts of the Roman Empire. The genre draws from the Italic peoples’ mythology and the Proto-Indo-European mythology of the Greeks. Roman mythology also draws on the Greek mythology. It is believed that this genre originated during the Hellenistic period, when the Greeks were influenced by the works of Roman authors. The genre is often classified together with the Greco-Roman mythology.