Balkan Mythology concerns the traditions and belief systems of the people of the Balkan region comprising of the European countries Albania, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Kosovo, Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina. Every country has its system of beliefs; beliefs in spirits, magic, demonology, and nature’s gods. Such beliefs are usually aligned and rooted in the people’s culture, and the myths around these beliefs become important to their existence.
The Balkan Mythology is unlike any other mythology yet seen. There is no distinct myth that focuses on the Balkan culture itself but all myth available cuts across the cultures of the Dacians, Thracians, and Illyrians. With solid ties to Greek Mythology, some of the activities of myths, legends, and gods of the Balkan people before the Iron Age are not recorded but spoken about, in parts, in Greek mythology and oral literature.
With the available information if the mythology of the Balkans, their myth emphasizes the existence of spirit beings (good or evil), gods, witches, and other supernatural creatures. One of the most notable gods is Heros Karabazmos, known as the god of the underworld. This god is depicted as a horseman slaying a beast with one spear.
After the adoption of Christianity by the Balkan people, Heros was still represented by Saint George killing a dragon with a spear. This goes to show the reverence of this god by the people.
Balkan Mythology is surrounded by various deities believed by the people to play pivotal roles in their lives. They include Zibelthiurdos (controlling and wielding powers of thunder and lightning), Kotys (war and death) and Bendis (moon and all hunters) Artemis.
Balkan Mythology may not be whole (understood as one), but the continuous telling of its myths and legend is what has contributed to its relevance over the years.